Field Manuals

In this section you will find a variety of field manuals and extension materials.
SIMLESA Soil Manual
Soils are one of the main resources required for food production. Understanding soils can inform crop management, to achieve higher and more sustainable crop production, and ultimately higher farmers’ profits. In Africa, these can lead to reduced levels of malnourishment and undernourishment.
Operational Field Guide for Establishing and Managing Conservation Agriculture Demonstrations
This guide is organized into two modules, with an introduction that elaborates the background and objectives of the guide. Module 1, defines conservation agriculture and conservation farming and highlights the benefits of CA relative to conventional farming. Furthermore, it highlights the factors affecting the adoption of CA. In Module 2, describes the steps necessary for establishing and managing conservation agriculture demonstrations, starting from establishment, management, monitoring and approaches to scaling up.
Meet SIMLESA Champion Farmers from Malawi
See the profiles of two champion farmers, Peter Joctor and Dailess Kasawala, who through SIMLESA have adopted CASI technologies and the impact of the adoption in their lives...
How to use and protect Mulch (Malawi)
This poster written in both English and Chewa, shows how crop residue can be used in improving yields...
Mulch Fields by Covering the Ground with Grass or Crop Residue for Improved Yields
This poster(written in both English and Chewa) highlights the following; the importance of mulching in improving soil yields, practising crop association to enhance soil fertility and reduce diseases and pests and finally the role of leaders in the adoption of mulching
Improving productivity of maize-legume farming systems through Conservation Agriculture: Evidences and Lessons from SIMLESA Mozambique
Since 2010 the Australian funded and CIMMYT managed ‘Sustainable intensification of Maize Legume systems in Eastern and Southern Africa’ (SIMLESA) project, has been evaluating the merits of a variety of maize-legume systems under Conservation Agriculture in contrasting agroecologies of Central Mozambique
Permanent Planting Basins (PPB) : Bridging the Yield Gap
Permanent Planting Basins, as used in conservation farming, is a crop production method which enhances the capture and storage of rainwater and allows precision application and utilization of limited plant nutrients. The method is widely used to reduce risk of crop failure due to unreliable rainfall. This strategy is a good option on small plots for annual crops and where animal draught is not an option.
Kilimo Hifadhi Shadidi Endelevu Katika Mseto wa Mazao ya Mahindi na Mikunde
This manual contains easy-to-use instructions for farmers to implement conservation agriculture and related practices. Also known as conservation agriculture based sustainable intensification (CASI), these include how to do minimum tillage, mulching, intercropping and the use of correct implements for minimum tillage. The manual also has detailed instructions on how to manage common maize and bean diseases.

The manual is user friendly and is suitable for Swahili speakers in Tanzania but also those who speak Swahili in Kenya, Uganda, Northern Malawi and parts of Mozambique as well as Eastern Congo DRC. It is useful for extension agents for teaching and guiding farmers during fields days or farmer field schools.
MANUAL FOR POLICY MAKERS: Awareness and adoption of SIMLESA technologies in Mozambique
Simlesa enabled farmer’s exposition to the new varieties. Farmers in Mozambique were able to access a wide range of different varieties and practices. Almost all host farmers shared knowledge with other people and 48 % expanded at least one of the Simlesa CA practices beyond the demonstration plots.
RIPLINES : Egging you on to Food Security

Soils are one of the main resources required for food production. Understanding soils can inform crop management, to achieve higher and more sustainable crop production, and ultimately higher farmers’ profits. In Africa, these can lead to reduced levels of malnourishment and undernourishment.

Characterization of Maize-legume Farming Systems and Farm Households in Mozambique
Agriculture is one of the main activities of the Mozambique’s economy yet yields remain very low and rural poverty is high. In this country, maize & legumes are among the most important crops with potential to reduce poverty with technological change. However, little is known about the Mozambique’s socio-economic aspects of the maize & legume systems.
Dengo Comercial Lda
Dengo Comercial Lda is an agricultural input supply company based in Chimoio, in the Province of Manica, Mozambique. The agricultural inputs supplied range from seeds of various crops (cereals, legumes, and vegetables), agricultural implements, pesticides, fertilizers and veterinary supplies. The company was founded in 2002, composed of former SEMOC-SEED CO employees and was officially registered in 2004.
Agriculture Production systems based in conservation agriculture (CASI) and others are being threaten by a massive introduction and colonization of exotic pests (FAO). Climate change in the planet, globalization and the moderns transport systems and human mobility are in part related with this outbrake of exotic pests. This pests are responsible for the degradation of agriculture systems, affecting somehow public health and the social and economic environment.
FIELD DAYS FOR CASI PROMOTION: Planning, organization and delivery. The case of SIMLESA in Mozambique
Field tour or field days are events organized on-farm and or on-station and offer a great opportunity to demonstrate and share CASI technologies with other farmers and stakeholders. During the field tour/day specific CASI practices are demonstrated and the event offers opportunity for a large number of farmers to access demonstration on specific CASI technologies and practices
Sustainable production of Maize through conservation Agriculture for Food Security in Mid-altitude of North western Ethiopia
Conservation Agriculture (CA) can be a means to soil improvement and in turn in-creased crop productivity. The practice was evaluated for maize productivity in the Mid-altitude of Northwestern Ethiopia...
Sustainable maize and common bean production: The experience of effective Con-servation from Hadiya and Gurage Zone
Conservation Agriculture is more productive than convectional practice from the second year of starting the practice. CA gives higher yield com-pared to the conventional practice...
Conservation agriculture in Semi-arid Area in Ethiopia Somali Region
Farming systems in Ethiopia Somali region are constrained by numerous factors, including inherently infertile sandy soils in some areas, limited access to, and use of, mineral and organic fertilizers and drought. The rainfall distribution patterns during the growing season in region are characterized by mid-season dry spells. Significant yield benefits under Conservation agriculture (CA) are possible in the region...
Spatial arrangement and planting date in Maize-haricot bean intercropping, north western Ethiopia
Intercropping of cereals and legumes is essential for development of sustainable food production systems particularly in cropping systems with limited external inputs due to high productivity and profitability, improvement of soil fertility. The practice was evaluated for maize–haricot bean intercropping system in north western Ethi-opia; Adet and Finoteselam...
Conservation Agriculture in moist agroecology in Western Ethiopia
Research results showed soybean-maize rotation and maize-soybean or common been intercropping under CA improved crop productivity and soil properties in the high potential sub-humid western agro-ecology of Ethiopia....
Maize and sweet lupine intercropping under conservation agriculture: An option in forage mixed farm
Alternative forage supply is essential among small holders who practice mixed crop livestock farming. Hence, an introduc-tion of maize intercropped with sweet lu-pine was recommended as a feasible option since sweet lupine provide livestock feed....
Conservation Agriculture for Smallholder Farmers in North Western Amhara, Ethiopia
Conservation Agriculture (CA) can be a possible technique to mitigate the reduction in soil quality, to reduce runoff and soil erosion, and can increase in situ moisture conservation, and contribute to sustainable production. This, flyer highlights conservation agriculture for small holder farmers....
Conservation Agriculture (CA) Maize - Soybean rotation in Ethiopia-Somali region
Soybean in Pawe area of North western Ethio-pia. On-station trials were conducted to com-pare CA with the current smallholder conven-tional practice (CP) for productivity of maize-soybean cropping systems. Research results showed maize-soybean rotation under CA tillage practice found to be with better return than the conventional...

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