Mainstreaming of gender sensitivity in research activities within the five primary program countries. Program activities will be assessed by the Gender Specialist to evaluate how they may be better managed for gender balance. The program will encourage the participation of experienced female agriculturalists from the region and will facilitate the active contribution of women to program development in the local innovation systems for each country. The Gender Specialist will train NARS scientists in gender issues based on ASARECA, PRGA and best practice experiences using examples from program activities. Issues of gender bias and positive and negative outcomes will be analyzed and discussed with program partners in the Annual Evaluation and Planning Meetings for iteratively enhancing positive gender impacts across the entire program.
Functioning M&E incorporated into the program providing information system assessments to national and regional program managers. This will be accomplished by fine-tuning existing participatory low-cost M&E systems which are already implemented by ASARECA in eastern Africa. The M&E specialist will participate in inception workshops to brief national teams and M&E staff. The specialist (or the respective SADC counter-part) will train NARS scientists in implementing the common M&E system which will also include gender-disaggregated data. Project advances will be analyzed, presented to national coordinators and program management and analyzed and discussed with partners at the annual regional and/or national Evaluation and Planning Meetings and at the meetings of the program Steering Committee. The M&E system and the required data collection and monitoring processes will be linked to analysis of the adoption and impact pathways in Objective 1.
Knowledge of relevant program innovations and germplasm available in five additional countries in the region. Effective knowledge transfer or “spillover”will be underpinned by analyzing past experiences and bottlenecks for maize-legume system knowledge and product spillovers among ASARECA member countries and SADC countries. Low cost approaches to stimulating knowledge and technology spillovers will be tested, that link with other projects and programs of governments, NGOs (including AGRA), or the private sector for scale-out. Cross-participation in annual research workshops between program members and other projects in the region and West Africa will be fostered and the interchange of maize and legume germplasm within the sub-Saharan Africa region will be facilitated with enhanced knowledge on germplasm adaptation.